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Breed Standard


THE MAINE COON - BREED 64 (GCCF)



This standard became effective in May 2007 and includes new colour reference numbers for Tabby & Shaded Pattern Maine Coons.

The Maine Coon is a semi-longhaired cat of medium Foreign type and is distinguished by its large size, bone structure, rectangular appearance and flowing coat.

The Maine Coon evolved as a working domesticated cat in a rural environment; this role is reflected in a muscular cat of rugged outdoor appearance with a characteristic weatherproof coat and the demeanour of an alert capable hunter.

Head - Medium in length, the nasal bridge being equidistant from the ear line and the tip of the nose, with the width being slightly less than the length of the head. Allowance should be made for additional breadth or jowls in mature males.

The muzzle should be square with firm chin: chin, upper lip and nose leather should fall in a perpendicular line. Cheeks fairly full, with high cheekbones. Bite level. Nose of uniform width with shallow concave curve at the nasal bridge when viewed in profile, and without a sharp break or stop.
Ears - Large, tall ears, wide at base and tapering to appear pointed at the tip; set high but well apart.
Eyes - Full and round, spaced wide apart with a slightly oblique aperture and set. Shades of green, gold or copper; coat and eye colour may be unrelated. Odd or blue eyes are permissible in white cats.
Body and Neck - Body large to medium size, solid and muscular with breadth of chest. Long body with proportionate limbs to create the characteristic rectangular appearance; square rump. Neck moderately long; particularly thick and muscular in mature males.

Legs and Paws - Substantial legs with large round paws; toes carried close, five in front, four behind.
Tail - Long, at least the length of the back, wide at the base and tapering towards the tip.
Coat: Waterproof and virtually self-maintaining, consisting of an undercoat covered by a more substantial glossy topcoat. Fur shorter on the head, neck and shoulders increasing in length down the back, flanks and tail. A fluffy appearance is undesirable.

Breeches and belly fur full and shaggy. Frontal ruff beginning at the base of the ears; heavier in males than females. Tail fur long, profuse and flowing; not bushy. Ears feathered and preferably tufted at the tips; the ear feathering should extend beyond the outer edges of the ear. Paws tufted, with long tufts emanating from under the paws, extending backwards to create a snowshoe effect.

Coat Colour and Pattern - The Maine Coon is recognised in a variety of solid colours (including white in all eye colours); tortoiseshell; tabby colours (classic and mackerel patterns) with or without silver; shaded and smoke colours; bi-colour and parti-colour (e.g. solid/tabby/tortoiseshell/shaded/smoke colour and white).

Notes:


1. Since the Maine Coon is slow to mature (taking up to 4 years), allowance should be made as to their size when judging younger cats. The balance of the cat is of uppermost importance.
2. The cat loses coat during the summer months.
3. Different coat colours may have different textured coats
SCALE OF POINTS:
Head - 35 points - Including general shape and proportions: shape, size and ear set; shape, size, set and colour of eyes; nose length and profile; cheeks, muzzle and chin.
Body - 30 points - Including shape and proportions; size, bone structure, muscularity and condition, height and thickness of legs; shape and size of paws; shape and length of tail.
Coat - 20 points - Including length and texture; frontal ruff; ear feathering and tufting; tail furnishings; paw furnishings.
Colour and Pattern - 15 points.
Total - 100 points.

Withhold all awards for:


1. Wrongly registered adults, kittens or neuters. - These should be marked as wrong colour on judge's slips and disqualified.
2. Blue or odd eyes in cats of a colour other than white.
3. Van Patterned Cats.

Withhold Certificates or First Prizes in Kitten Open Classes for:


1. Cobby body shape and/or fine bone structure.
2. Bi-Colour or Parti-colour cats that exhibit more than one third white or do not exhibit some white on all four paws, belly and chest.
3. Definite nose break or stop.
4. Straight profile or pronounced nose bump.
5. Untufted paws.
6. White markings (including buttons, lockets or spots) anywhere other than those in the SOP.
7. Overall even coat length.
8. Persian like coat texture.
9. Serious colour or pattern faults.
10. Any defect as listed in the preface to this SOP booklet.

Faults:


1. Unsound base coat in Solid or Tortoiseshell coloured cats.
2. Tabby markings in adult Smoke coloured cats.
3. Heavy tabby markings in Shaded coloured cats.
4. White extending beyond the throat in Non-Silver Tabby cats registered without white.
5. Tarnishing in Silver Series cats.
6. Heavily brindled coat in Tabby cats.
COAT COLOURS
Chocolate, Lilac and Siamese Points are not allowed.


TABBY PATTERNS-

Allowances to be made for diffusion of tabby markings in cats showing long or full flowing coats. Recognised coat patterns are Classic and Mackerel pattern.

There is a tendency for tabbies to show white around the immediate area of the lips and lower jaw area. It is a serious fault if this extends to the throat in non-silver tabbies or tabbies registered without white. Silver-white colour on the throat and muzzle of silver tabbies/silver tortie tabbies is not a fault and the base colour may be diluted by the gene producing silver.

Classic Pattern-

All markings to be clearly defined and dense. On the forehead there should be a letter 'M' giving the impression of a frown. There should be an unbroken stripe running back from the outer comer of the eye and narrow lines on the cheeks. On the neck and upper chest there should be unbroken necklaces, the more the better. The edges of the ears to be the same colour as the markings with a central patch of ground colour resembling a thumb print. A series of lines run from above the 'M' marking, over the top of the head and extend to the shoulder markings. The shoulder markings form the outline of a butterfly, when viewed from above. On the back there should be an unbroken line running down the spine from the butterfly to the tail, and there should be a stripe on either side of this running parallel to it. These stripes should be separated from each other by stripes of ground colour. On each flank there should be an 'oyster" shaped patch which should have complete rings, as numerous as possible. The tip of the tail should be the same colour as the markings. The legs should be barred evenly with bracelets from the body markings to the toes which should be spotted. The back of the leg from the sole to the hock should be solid colour. The abdominal area should be spotted.

Mackerel Pattern-

All markings to be clearly defined and dense. On the forehead, there should be a letter 'M' giving the impression of a frown. There should be an unbroken stripe running from the outer comer of the eye and narrow lines on the cheeks. On the neck and upper chest there should be unbroken necklaces, the more the better. The edges of the ears to be the same colour as the markings with a central patch of colour resembling a thumb print. A series of lines run from above the 'M' marking, over the top of the head and extend to the shoulder markings. There should be one narrow, unbroken central spine line on either side of which is a broken spine line from which the narrow lines which form the Mackerel pattern run vertically down the body. These lines should be unbroken and as narrow and numerous as possible. The tip of the tail should be the same colour as the markings.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code

Black markings on a warm copper agouti ground colour. Nose leather brick red, paw pads and eye rims black or brown.

64 41
Brown Classic Tabby
MCO n 22
64 44
Brown Mackerel Tabby
MCO n 23

Blue markings on a cool beige agouti ground colour. Nose leather solid blue or pink edged with blue, paw pads and eye rims blue.

64 41a
Blue Classic Tabby
MCO a 22
64 44a
Blue Mackerel Tabby
MCO a 23

Rich red markings on a bright apricot agouti ground colour. Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims deep pink.

64 41d
Red Classic Tabby
MCO d 22
64 44d
Red Mackerel Tabby
MCO d 23

Rich cream markings on a cooler cream agouti ground colour. Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims pink.

64 41f
Cream Classic Tabby
MCO e 22
64 44f
Cream Mackerel Tabby
MCO e 23

Black markings on a warm copper agouti ground which has been overlaid with shades of red. Nose leather brick red and/or pink, paw pads and eye rims black and/or pink depending on the distribution of the red.

64 41e
Brown Tortie Classic Tabby
MCO f 22
64 44e
Brown Tortie Mackerel Tabby
MCO f 23

Blue markings on a cool beige agouti ground which has been overlaid with shades of cream. Nose leather blue and/or pink, paw pads blue and/or pink depending on the distribution of the cream.

64 41g
Blue Tortie Calssic Tabby
MCO g 22
64 44g
Blue Tortie Mackerel Tabby
MCO g 23

Tabby Colour and markings as above on a silver agouti ground. Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims as above.

64 41s
Silver Classic Tabby
MCO ns 22
64 44s
Silver Mackerel Tabby
MCO ns 23

Colour and markings as above on a silver agouti ground. Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims as above. (See Non-Silver Tabby Series for full description).

Silver-white colour on the throat and muzzle of silver tabbies/silver tortie tabbies is not a fault and the base colour may be diluted by the gene producing silver. Tarnishing is undesirable.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 41as
Blue Silver Classic Tabby
MCO as 22
64 44as
Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby
MCO as 23
64 41ds
Red Silver Classic Tabby
MCO ds 22
64 44ds
Red Silver Mackerel Tabby
MCO ds 23
64 41fs
Cream Silver Classic Tabby
MCO es 22
64 44fs
Cream Silver Mackerel Tabby
MCO es 23
64 41es
Silver Tortie Classic Tabby
MCO fs 22
64 44es
Silver Tortie Mackerel Tabby
MCO fs 23
64 41gs
Blue Silver Tortie Classic Tabby
MCO gs 22
64 44gs
Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby
MCO gs 23
The EMS code used in Fife also has extra tabby codes available - 21 is unspecified tabby, 24 spotted tabby and 25 ticked tabby.

SOLID COLOURS-

The fur should be sound to the roots in colour and free from any shadings, markings and patches of white hairs, except that red series solid cats may well show tabby markings. Nose leather, Paw pads and eye rims to tone with the body colour.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 14
Blue Eyed White
MCO w 61
64 14a
Orange eyed White
MCO w 62
64 14b
Odd Eyed White
MCO w 63
64 14c
Green Eyed White
MCO w 64
64 15
Black Solid
MCO n
64 15d
Red Solid
MCO d
64 16
Blue Solid
MCO a
64 17
Cream Solid
MCO e

TORTOISESHELLS-

The patterning should extend throughout the coat including the limbs, tail and face; blaze desirable. Base colour should be sound to the roots. Black and shades of red or blue and shades of cream. Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims pink and/or black or blue depending on the distribution of the red/cream.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code

64 21

Black Solid Tortie

MCO f

64 28

Blue Solid Tortie

MCO g

SMOKE COLOURS-

Any solid or tortoiseshell colour accepted. The undercoat should be silvery white with deep tips shading to the basic colour. The cat appears darkest on the back, head and feet. In a smoke cat the silvery white undercoat, which is next to the skin, should not be clearly visible when the cat is in repose. However, this can be seen when fur is parted or when the cat is moving.

This is a genetically silver non-tabby variety of Maine Coon. The appearance of clear tabby markings in the coat is undesirable. However, it is accepted that Red Series Smoke colours may exhibit some faint markings which should not be unduly penalised in an otherwise good example of the breed. It should also be noted that kittens of all Smoke colours may well show ghost tabby markings on the body for which they should not be too heavily penalised. The presence of tabby markings in adults is undesirable.

All smokes should have the following attributes - subistituting black with blue, red, cream, read and black, or blue and cream where necessary.Silvery white undercoat deeply tipped with black, and free from tabby markings. In motion, the silvery white undercoat is apparent; cat in repose appears black with no other markings. Extremities and face black, narrow band of silvery white at base of hair, next to skin, which may only be seen when the fur is parted. Nose leather and paw pads black/ blue or pink depending on the corresponding coat colour and distribution of any tortie colouring.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 36
Black Smoke
MCO ns
64 36a
Blue Smoke
MCO as
64 36d
Red Smoke
MCO ds
64 36f
Cream Smoke
MCO es
64 36e
Black Smoke Tortie
MCO fs
64 36g
Blue Smoke Tortie
MCO gs

SHADED COLOURS-

Both Standard (non-silver) and Silver Shaded colours are accepted in any solid or tortoiseshell colour. Shaded cats are genetically agouti. In the shaded cat the coloured fur should give the overall appearance of a mantle on the back. The body should be as free from tabby markings as possible in adults. Kittens may well exhibit ghost tabby markings on the body for which allowance should be made.

In Standard Shaded, the undercoat should be as pale as possible with the shaft of each hair pale at the root and darkening to the base colour at the tip.

In Silver Shaded, the undercoat should as pale a silver as possible with shallow tips shading to the basic colour; the dark points being most clearly defined on the back, head and feet and the lighter points on the flanks and ear tufts. Any tarnishing of the coat is undesirable.

Nose leather, paw pads and eye rims in keeping with the basic colour.

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 43
Black Shaded
MCO n 11
64 43a
Blue Shaded
MCO a 11
64 43d
Red Shaded
MCO d 11
64 43f
Cream Shaded
MCO e 11
64 43e
Black Shaded Tortie
MCO f 11
64 43g
Blue Shaded Tortie
MCO g 11
64 43s
Silver Shaded
MCO ns 11
64 43as
Blue Silver Shaded
MCO as 11
64 43ds
Red Silver Shaded
MCO ds 11
64 43fs
Cream Silver Shaded
MCO es 11
64 43es
Silver Tortie Shaded
MCO fs 11
64 43gs
Blue Silver Tortie Shaded
MCO gs 11

BICOLOUR AND PARTICOLOUR-

Any solid, tabby, tortoiseshell, shaded or smoke colour and white. The base colour should predominate. The minimum white permitted is some white to all four paws, underbelly and chest, with some colour allowed to these areas. The cat must not have more than one third white.

TABBIES -

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 41w
Brown Classic Tabby & White
MCO n 09 22
64 44w
Brown Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO n 09 23
64 41aw
Blue Classic Tabby & White
MCO a 09 22
64 44aw
Blue Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO a 09 23
64 41dw
Red Tabby Classic & White
MCO d 09 22
64 44dw
Red Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO d 09 23
64 41fw
Cream Classic Tabby & White
MCO e 09 22
64 44fw
Cream Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO e 09 23
64 41ew
Brown Tortie Classic Tabby & White
MCO f 09 22
64 44ew
Brown Tortie Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO f 09 23
64 41gw
Blue Tortie Classic Tabby & White
MCO g 09 22
64 44gw
Blue Tortie Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO g 09 23
64 41sw
Silver Classic Tabby & White
MCO ns 09 22
64 44sw
Silver Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO ns 09 23
64 41asw
Blue Silver Classic Tabby & White
MCO as 09 22
64 44asw
Blue Silver Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO as 09 23
64 41dsw
Red Silver Classic Tabby & White
MCO ds 09 22
64 44dsw
Red Silver Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO ds 09 23
64 41fsw
Cream Silver Classic Tabby & White
MCO es 09 22
64 44fsw
Cream Silver Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO es 09 23
64 4lesw
Silver Tortie Classic Tabby & White
MCO fs 09 22
64 44esw
Silver Tortie Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO fs 09 23
64 41gsw
Blue Silver Tortie Classic Tabby & White
MCO gs 09 22
64 44gsw
Blue Silver Tortie Mackerel Tabby & White
MCO gs 09 23

SOLIDS-

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 31
Black & White
MCO n 09
64 31a
Blue & White
MCO a 09
64 31d
Red & White
MCO d 09
64 31f
Cream & White
MCO e 09
64 22
Black Solid Tortie & White
MCO f 09
64 22a
Blue Solid Tortie & White
MCO g 09

SMOKES-

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 31s
Black Smoke & White
MCO ns 09
64 31as
Blue Smoke & White
MCO as 09
64 31ds
Red Smoke & White
MCO ds 09
64 31fs
Cream Smoke & White
MCO es 09
64 31es
Black Tortie Smoke & White
MCO fs 09
64 31gs
Blue Tortie Smoke & White
MCO gs 09

SHADEDS-

GCCF Code
Markings
EMS Code
64 43w
Black Shaded & White
MCO n 09 11
64 43aw
Blue Shaded & White
MCO a 09 11
64 43dw
Red Shaded & White
MCO d 09 11
64 43fw
Cream Shaded & White
MCO e 09 11
64 43ew
Black Tortie Shaded & White
MCO f 09 11
64 43gw
Blue Tortie Shaded & White
MCO g 09 11
64 43sw
Silver Shaded & White
MCO ns 09 11
64 43asw
Blue Silver Shaded & White
MCO as 09 11
64 43dsw
Red Silver Shaded & White
MCO ds 09 11
64 43fsw
Cream Silver Shaded & White
MCO es 09 11
64 43esw
BlackTortie Silver Shaded & White
MCO fs 09 11
64 43gsw
Blue Tortie Silver Shaded & White
MCO gs 09 11

Refer to the appropriate section for descriptions of coat markings

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